問題： Making the world safer for future generations
Diplomacy, Disaster preparedness, Human rights, Nuclear disarmament, Public health, Renewable energy
Today's world is rife with many issues and it is our responsibility to address them and make the world safer for future generations. I think we should focus on following three areas.
Firstly, we should promote the use of renewable energy. We consume tons of fossil fuels on a daily basis, which contributes significantly to environmental degradation. Therefore, we have to switch to renewable energy such as solar power, to mitigate damage to the environment.
Secondly, we have to improve public health. Public health situations have improved greatly in developed countries over the last several decades. On the other hand, people in developing countries suffer from a range of diseases such as malaria. Some diseases are extremely dangerous and take a huge toll on people. So, it is necessary for us to tackle this issue.
Thirdly, we should focus our attention on disaster preparedness. Natural disasters such as earthquakes sometimes cost thousands of lives. Even though we can not accurately predict when the next disaster happens, we can prepare for it. For example, by conducting evacuation drills regularly, we can minimize the death toll caused by tsunami.
As I mentioned above, by focusing our attention on the three areas, we can make the world a safer place for future generations. (210語くらい、30分)
問題： Should there be more government control of the internet?
Censorship, Copyright and intellectual property, Free speech, Fraud, Privacy, Viruses
The Internet has contributed to the improvement of our lives. There are, however, certain demerits to the Internet and I think the government should have more control over the Internet for the following three reasons.
Firstly, many people, especially children fall victim to fraud. They don't fully understand the risks of using the Internet and therefore, they are easy targets. Criminals take advantage of the anonimity on the Internet and they make money by illegal means. The government should stop this.
Secondly, Internet viruses can cause great damage to users. New types of persistent viruses are constantly make by people with malignant intentions. Victims' personal information is at risk of being leaked once their PC gets infected. The government should do something to tackle this.
Thirdly, the government should protect copyright and intellectual property. There are people who upload musics to file-sharing websites in order to make money. Unless the government makes efforts to crack down such kind of acts, the revenue from the music industry will decrease.
For the abovementioned three reasons, there should be more government control over the Internet. I believe the government has the power to make the Internet safer. (195語くらい、30分20秒)
※3段落目のInternet virusはcomputer virusの間違えだよ。
問題： Does the developed world have a responsibility to help developing countries overcome poverty?
Civil unrest, Corruption, Economic aid, Multinational corporations, Natural resources, The technology gap
Poverty is a persistent issue in developing countries and millions of people die of it. On the other hand, developed countries enjoy economic prosperity. I think developed countries can and should help developed countries to overcome poverty for the following three reasons.
Firstly, developed countries have to make efforts to fill the technology gap. Unlike developed countries, developing countries lack the technology to produce things for themselves. And that is one reason they can not get out of poverty. Developed countries should transfer technologies with which people in poverty cope with issues by themselves.
Secondly, developed countries should help people in developed countries tackle corruption. In many cases, corruption is the major cause of poverty. Corrupt officials put their own profits ahead of its citizens'. Therefore developed countries should intervene in politics in developed countries if needed.
Thirdly, developed countries have to send economic aid to people in need. Hundreds of young children die of poverty each day. I think this situation should be changed immediately because children are the basic components of the world. If the young children keep dying at this rate, the workforce will decline significantly in the future, making the situation even worse.
For the above-mentioned three reasons, I believe the developed world have the responsibility to help developing countries to overcome poverty. (218語くらい、30分)
※3段落最後のdeveloped countriesはもちろんdeveloping countriesのミスだよ……。
※4段落に最後の文のthe young childrenのtheはいらない。
問題： When future generations look back on this era, for what will they praise and/or criticize us?
Health and medicine, Human rights, International relations, Literature and the arts, Morals and values, Scientific endeavor
I think that when future generations look back on this era, they will praise us for most of our achievements. I also think, however, they will criticize us for some of what we are doing.
Firstly, future generations will praise us for the improvement in health and medicine. We have developed medical technologies, and as a result the average life span has more than doubled over the last 100 years. In addition, the invention of IPS cells is expected to save millions of lives in the future. People in the future will definitely appreciate our achievement in medicine.
Secondly, they will praise arts and literature of this era. What we consider modern arts and literature will be valued as classic by future generations. In addition, they can learn about the history of the world simply by enjoying the pieces of artwork. Therefore, today's arts and literature will be very valuable in the future.
Thirdly, they will criticize us for international relations of this age. It is difficult to improve international relations because of territorial dispute, the difference in religious beliefs, and the gap between the rich and poor. Therefore I don't think we can make significant improvements to international relations for the future generations.
In conclusion, I think future generations will praise us for the development in medicine and arts and literature, while they criticize us for our inability to eliminate issues related to international relations. (236語くらい、30分)
問題： Agree or disagree: National identity is becoming less important in today’s global society
Immigration, International conflicts, Language, Nationalism, Tourism, Values and traditions
Some say that as the world became globalized, national identity became less important. In my opinion, however, national identity has never been more important for the following three reasons.
Firstly, we have more and more opportunities to interact with foreign people thanks to thriving turism industry. As the number foreigners increases, so do our opportunities to mix with people from different backgrounds. Therefore, it is important for us to have our own national identity in order to successfully communicate with foreigners.
Secondly, many people today learn a second language because the ability to use a second language greatly opens up opportunities in so many ways. Many studies suggest learning a second language leads to better understanding of their mother tongue. Therefore, they can develop a keen insight toward their own language and culture.
Thirdly, we are making efforts to preserve values and traditions based on the understanding that traditions are invaluable. Values and traditions take centuries to form and they are reflective of people's national identity. Therefore, the fact that we are trying hard to pass our values and traditions on to future generations means we sincerely cherish our own national identity.
For the above-mentioned three reasons, I disagree with the statement that national identity is becoming less important in today's global society. (214語くらい、33分)
問題： Does society give the rights of animals enough consideration?
Animals as food and clothing, Animals in entertainment, Endangered species, Religious / cultural traditions, The pet industry, The use of animals in experiments
Some say humans respect the rights of animals, while others say humans are treating animals in a cruel manner. I personally think we don't give the rights of animals enough consideration for the following three reasons.
Firstly, we are not making sufficient efforts to save endangered species. Human activities have contributed greatly to environmental degradation, driving animals on the brink of extinction. I believe it is our responsibility to save endangered animals. However, the fact is we continue to consume tons of fossil fuels and pollute the environment. Therefore, we don't have enough respect for the right's of animals.
Secondly, animals are overhunted and smuggled in many places around the world because animals can be sold at high prices as food and clothing. In the Antarctic region, polar bears are hunted for fur. In Asian countries, elephants and rhinos are hunted for tusks which can be used in making traditional medicine. In short, we only think about our own profits and ignore the animals' rights.
Thirdly, the pet industry is thriving in developed countries. Unfortunately, there is a dark side to this pet boom. Irresponsible pet owners abandon their pets and they will eventual starve to death. In addition, dozens of abandoned pets are killed each day.
For the above-mentioned three reasons, I don't think the society gives the rights of animals enough consideration. There are too many things left we should do to improve the current situation. (238語くらい、30分)